Adult Cardiac Arrest Algorithm - Ventircular Fibrillation Video
Hi. I’m Mark from ACLS Certification Institute, and welcome back to Rapid Algorithm Review. Today, ventricular fibrillation.
Step 1. Establish unresponsiveness. Poke ‘em with a stick. Establish unresponsiveness and check for breathing. Again, you’re just looking for breathing no more than about 5 seconds. If the patient is unresponsive, not breathing, immediately call the Code. Get some help coming. If you’re in a hospital, call the Code. If you’re out in the field, call 9-1-1. Get help coming. Next, immediately begin chest compressions. Continue chest compressions until the defibrillator or the AED arrives. Continue the chest compressions while you’re hooking up the AED, applying the pads, and once the machine is fully charged and ready to administer that shock, administer the shock and defibrillate the patient. Remember to clear the patient before you administer that shock. You have to look from head to toe of the patient, “I’m shocking in 3, 2, 1,” administer the shock. “shock sound, person yells” Huh, I guess he didn’t hear me. Still, my bad. I’m responsible to make sure no one’s touching that patient when I administer the shock. After the shock, immediately resume chest compressions. Start bagging the patient. Start getting your vascular access. IV access can be difficult in a full-arrest because of the low blood pressure. Generally, 60 seconds, 2 attempts, if you can’t gain traditional IV access, go immediately to intraosseous infusion, but gain vascular access. Administer your first drug. First drug up: epinephrine 1 mg every 3-5 minutes.
Here’s another 2015 pop-up update. No more vasopressin. The American Heart Association in their 2015 updates removed vasopressin from this algorithm, so we’re no longer using vasopressin as a pressor in conjunction with epinephrine. We’re only using epinephrine. Always follow your local protocols and your local hospital policies. If you’re still using vasopressin and you’re having success then fine, but know, especially for testing, that the AHA has removed vasopressin as a pressor in this algorithm; we’re only using epinephrine now.
Do 2 minutes of quality chest compressions and administering the epinephrine, reassess the rhythm. If it’s a shockable rhythm, again, administer a shock and after the shock, immediately begin chest compressions. After each shock, immediately resume chest compressions. Next drug up is an antiarrhythmic: amiodarone 300 mg IV push. If it’s determined the patient’s not in a shockable rhythm, they may be in PEA (pulseless electrical activity) or asystole. Immediately move to and follow that algorithm. If they’re in PEA or asystole and the patient goes back into a shockable rhythm, immediately return to the V-fib algorithm and administer the shock. If at any time your patient has a return of spontaneous circulation, immediately move to that algorithm and follow your return of spontaneous circulation algorithm.
Quickfire review: If patient’s unresponsive and not breathing, activate the EMS or call the Code. Begin chest compressions immediately. Remember, 30:2, at least 2 inches, at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute. As soon as the defibrillator arrives, attach the defibrillator and continue chest compressions until you’re ready to shock that patient. Clear the patient. Administer the shock. Immediately after administering the shock, resume chest compressions. Immediately gain vascular access. If a traditional IV can’t be started because of the low blood pressure, go to IO (intraosseous) infusion. First drug up: epinephrine 1 mg every 3-5 minutes. If it’s determined it’s not a shockable rhythm, the patient may be in PEA (pulseless electrical activity) or asystole. Immediately move to that algorithm. If at any time your patient has a return of spontaneous circulation, immediately move to your ROSC algorithm.
I’m Mark for ACLS Certification Institute. This has been Rapid Algorithm Review for V-fib. Thanks for watching, and I’ll see you in the next algorithm.